Let us protect our children during unrests….. (continues).

Posted by Mokgadi Anne Ozokoye on Sunday, July 5, 2015

As mothers, it is our duty to assist our children to get out of the Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder.

Signs and symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder.

The symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can arise suddenly, gradually, or come and go over time. Sometimes, the symptoms appear seemingly out of the blue. At other times, they are triggered by something that reminds one of the original traumatic event, such as a noise, an image, certain words, or a smell.

While everyone experiences PTSD differently, there are three main types of symptoms:

Symptoms of PTSD: Re-experiencing the traumatic event

  • Intrusive, upsetting memories of the event
  • Flashbacks
  • Intense physical reactions to reminders of the event 
  • Symptoms of PTSD: Avoidance and numbing
  • Avoiding activities, places, thoughts, or feelings that remind you of the trauma
  • Inability to remember important aspects of the trauma
  • Loss of interest in activities and life in general
  • Feeling detached from others and emotionally numb
  • Sense of a limited future (you don’t expect to live a normal life span, get married, have a career)
Symptoms of PTSD: Increased anxiety and emotional arousal

  • Difficulty falling or staying asleep
  • Irritability or outbursts of anger
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Hypervigilance
  • Feeling jumpy and easily startled
Symptoms of PTSD in children and adolescents

Symptoms in children include:

  • Fear of being separated from parent
  • Losing previously-acquired skills (such as toilet training)
  • Sleep problems and nightmares without recognizable content
  • Somber, compulsive play in which themes or aspects of the trauma are repeated
  • New phobias and anxieties that seem unrelated to the trauma (such as a fear of monsters)
  • Acting out the trauma through play, stories, or drawings
  • Aches and pains with no apparent cause
  • Irritability and aggression
Why Should we Seek Help for PTSD?
  • Early treatment is better. 
  • PTSD symptoms can change family life. 
  • PTSD can be related to other health problems.
Treatment for PTSD relieves symptoms by helping children deal with the trauma they have experienced.

Types of treatment for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
  • Trauma-focused cognitive-behavioral therapy. Cognitive-behavioral therapy for PTSD and trauma involves carefully and gradually “exposing” the victim to thoughts, feelings, and situations that remind them of the trauma. •Family therapy. Since PTSD affects both the victim and those close to you, family therapy can be especially productive. Family therapy can help your loved ones understand what you are going through.
  • Medication is sometimes prescribed to people with PTSD to relieve secondary symptoms of depression or anxiety.
  • EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing) incorporates elements of cognitive-behavioral therapy with eye movements or other forms of rhythmic, left-right stimulation, such as hand taps or sounds.

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