THE AFRICAN CULTURE POT: NIGERIA VS SOUTH AFRICA

Posted by Makgadi Anne Ozokoye on Sunday, July 6, 2014


Culture is described as the characteristics of a particular group of people, defined by different aspects such as language, clothing, education, economy, religion, cuisine, technology, social habits and music, arts etc.

In the globalised world, countries populations are made up of migrants from other countries. These groups of people influence the culture of the country. Also, the historical experiences also influence the natives of the country, some stemming from colonisation.
I will focus my discussion on two remarkable nations, South Africa and Nigeria. In this month’s issue, I will introduce the two cultures and their influence or rather origin, so that when we later delve into the aspects of their culture, we are able to understand the reason of influence. Then in future editions I will focus on specific topics based on the different aspects of cultures mentioned above.
 
 Let me start with Mzansi(Zulu word for Southey),South Africa came into being through the 1910 Act of Union that united two British colonies and two independent republics into the Union of South Africa. After the establishment of the first colonial outpost of the Dutch East India Company at Cape Town in 1652, South Africa became a society officially divided into colonizer and native, this segregation was put as law known as colour bar (apartheid), which was oppressive to the non-whites in South Africa.Women, students and people fought the law, with the leadership of the African National Congress. In 1994, South Africa became a democratic country, hence the 20 years of democracy celebrations this year.

 There are over 250 ethnic tribes who call Nigeria home. Now that is some flavour of culture. The three dominant ethnic groups are the Hausa, Yoruba, and Igbo. Other smaller groups include the Fulani, Ijaw, Kanuri, Ibibio, Tiv, and Edo, Nigeria is divided into 35 states with a federal capital city.
 
Nigeria is in West Africa, along the eastern coast of the Gulf of Guinea. It is bordered on the west by Benin, on the north by Niger and Chad, and on the east by Cameroon.
 
Over the past 15 to 20 years, it has become noticeable that these two nations have merged in South Africa. Over the next editions, we will take a look at how the two cultures have fused together into one. The beauty of a whole new culture has emerged, which I call ‘Southgeria’ (South Africa and Nigeria).




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